Dependence On Agriculture Drops To by 67.6 Percent
Farmers in Rwandan are abandoning agriculture to start small scale businesses at a faster rate than noticed elsewhere, Dominique Habimana, director-Statistical Methods in National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda-NISR, has said.
Citing the new national survey the number of people employed in the agriculture sector has reduced in 2014 compared to 2011, thanks to governmentâ€™s commitment to reduce on farm jobs by 2020.
The fourth Rwanda Integrated Household Living Condition Survey (EICV4) indicates that jobs in agriculture sector reduced to 67.6 percent in 2014 from 72.5 percent in 2014 with jobs in the service sector increasing to 23.8 percent.
In explaining the trend, Habimana said that although there was a reduction in unemployment rate standing at 2 percent in 2014, high unemployment rate in urbans areas continued to grow at 9 percent.
â€œThe unemployment rate is positively correlated with the level of education and this doubled from seven to 14 percent among university graduates between the third survey and this fourth survey,â€ he said on Thursday while speaking to this website.
In its long term development agenda, the government plans to create 200,000 off farm jobs annually in order to leapfrog the economy to middle income.
In the survey that highlights main indicators in poverty reduction and livelihoods improvement of households shows that Labour force increased by 14 percent with employed population rising by 14.5 percent in 2014 employment to population ratio growing by 4.4 percent.
Of this unemployed in urban areas, HabimanaÂ indicatesÂ females continue to have high numbers while compared toÂ their counterparts-males while the national working age population rose by 8.7 percent.
According to the survey, poverty levels dropped to 39.1 percent in 2014 from 44.9 percent in 2011 with poverty in households headed by males reducing from 36.9 percent in 2014 from 43.6 percent while female headed households saw their poverty declining to 43.7 percent from 47 percent in 2011.